Question: Can PTSD Cause Mutism?

Is selective mutism caused by trauma?

Studies have shown no evidence that the cause of Selective Mutism is related to abuse, neglect or trauma.

What is the difference between Selective Mutism and traumatic mutism.

Children who suffer from Selective Mutism speak in at least one setting and are rarely mute in all settings..

What can cause mutism?

Causes of Neurogenic MutismSurgery.Dementia.Traumatic Brain Injury.Seizures.Other nervous system diseases.Medications.

What is progressive mutism?

Abstract. This paper introduces a procedural distinction between elective and progressive mutism. In elective mutism, a child elects to talk freely with intimates (e.g. family members); in progressive mutism a child does not communicate verbally with anyone (including intimates).

Why can’t I talk sometimes?

Selective mutism (SM), also known as situational mutism, is an anxiety disorder in which a person normally capable of speech cannot speak in specific situations or to specific people if triggered. Selective mutism usually co-exists with social anxiety disorder.

What kind of trauma causes muteness?

While it might seem like a person with psychogenic mutism is simply refusing to speak, they actually feel physically unable to speak, and forcing the person to speak is unlikely to work. Some of the causes of psychogenic mutism may be general anxiety or past trauma.

Is mutism a disability?

Many professionals fail to recognize that Selective Mutism is not linked to anything else. Selective Mutism is not a Learning disability, Emotional disturbance, nor a Speech/Language impairment. A Selectively Mute student who displays any of these conditions would then have an additional and separate education need.

Is muteness genetic?

The majority of children with mutism have a genetic predisposition to anxiety. In other words, they have inherited the tendency to be anxious from family members and may be vulnerable to the development of an anxiety disorder.

What are signs of selective mutism?

Other symptoms of selective mutism can include the following:excessive shyness.social isolation.fear of embarrassment in front of a group.clinging to caregivers.temper tantrums.oppositional behavior.compulsive traits.negativity.

Is selective mutism a choice?

But the favoured term, at least in the UK, has since changed to “selective mutism” to reflect the fact that for many, their inability to talk in some situations does not feel like a choice.

Can a traumatic event cause muteness?

While it is possible for a child to become mute after a traumatic experience, usually the child avoids talking about aspects of the trauma itself, rather than becoming completely silent.

What is akinetic mutism?

Akinetic mutism refers to a syndrome of variable severity caused by lesions of both medial frontal lobes causing decreased motivation, sometimes to a degree mimicking catatonia, with complete failure to initiate activity or to respond, even to painful stimuli (Video 88, Catatonia).

Does selective mutism ever go away?

Selective mutism typically does not go away on its own, and in fact can lead to worsened anxiety and social difficulty if not addressed. Treatment requires a cohesive plan between home and school to produce lasting change.

Is selective mutism on the autism spectrum?

Selective Mutism is a Social Anxiety Disorder most commonly found in children and often mistaken and misdiagnosed as Autism. On the surface some of the characteristics may appear to mimic Autistic behaviors.

How do you help someone with selective mutism?

DOs & DON’Ts for Interacting with Those with Selective MutismAllow for warm-up time.Monitor the child’s body language.Talk “around” the child at first with focus on parents or siblings.Get down on the child’s level and focus on a prop.Ask choice and direct questions to the child with focus on the prop.Allow for hesitation.Re-ask questions if needed.More items…•

Can mutism be cured?

The good news is that selective mutism is very treatable with the right care. Kids with SM respond best to behavioral therapy that is focused on helping them learn to speak in new settings, during new activities and with new people.